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Hypertension or high blood pressure is also called “the silent killer.” Hypertension occurs when the patient’s blood pressure is consistently elevated. Untreated hypertension can lead to stroke, heart attack, heart failure, kidney failure, and other medical problems. The range of normal and high blood pressures are listed in the chart below:

Treatment of hypertension may involve weight loss, diet, exercise, reduction in stress level, reduction is salt intake, treatment of sleep salt intake, and also medications. There are several medications to treat hypertension. Some common medications are diuretics, beta-blockers, calcium-channel blockers, ACE-inhibitors, and angiotensin receptor blockers. Treatment with these medications and lowering the blood pressure significantly reduces the risk for stroke, heart attack, heart failure, and kidney failure.