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Atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter are electrical diseases of the heart in which the top chambers or atria of the heart have an irregular, very fast rhythm. This can cause the patient heart rate and blood pressure to be very high or very low. The patient can feel fluttering or palpitation in the chest; they also may have fatigue, chest pain, or shortness of breath. But some patients may not have any symptoms.

The initial treatment is with medications such as calcium channel blocker, beta-blockers, or antiarrhythmic drugs. Some patients may need anticoagulants (blood thinners) to prevent blood clots and stroke. A fraction of patient with this condition may need catheter ablation of the part of heart where this abnormal heart rhythm arises.

Read more about atrial fibrillation at our Blog.